Posts Tagged ‘dhimmi’

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Archbishop of Baghdad confirms that Iraqi Christians pay jizya

December 14, 2011

This corroborates with the findings of the U.S. State Department in its annual reports on international religious freedom.  Far from being a dead tax of caliphates past, the jizya remains alive against Sikhs in Pakistan, Copts in Egypt, Jews in Yemen, the Greek Orthodox in Cyprus, and yes, Christians in Iraq.  From Catholic World News on Dec. 12:

Baghdad: some Christians reduced to dhimmitude

The Latin Rite archbishop of Baghdad says that some Christians have been reduced to dhimmitude and are being forced to pay the jizya, a special tax that permits them to practice their faith.

Christians are “helplessly witnessing crime, mafia, or militia,” says Archbishop Jean Benjamin Sleiman, who told Aid to the Church in Need that Christmas Mass will be “celebrated during the day, for safety reasons. It will be a Christmas between fear and sturdy faith.”

The prelate called upon the international community to support Iraq’s government “so that Iraq once again becomes a [place of] rule of law.”

Similar but more detailed coverage is available at Independent Catholic News about Iraq’s Christians being “under siege.”

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Rejoice, rejoice, oh Christian

October 6, 2011
Secretariat General for EU Affairs

Turkish gov't building on seized Greek Orthodox property

Good news for Christians and Jews in Turkey.  Turkish Prime Minister Ergodan says that properties seized by Turkish authorities from religious minorities in the early 20th Century will finally be returned.  (Of course, Christian and Jewish lands remain subject to discriminatory property tax treatment relative to Muslim owned land under sharia law, but let’s leave that to the side and enjoy a rare example of good news for the region.)  From Mission Network News, h/t RoP:

Turkey (MNN) ― In the last days of August, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that Turkey would relinquish all properties or current property values to Christians and Jews who had had land confiscated 75 years ago.

Turkey has long been a difficult place for Christians to live. While persecution is not nearly as prevalent as in many neighboring countries, believers remain a small minority in the Muslim nation, and they have often been treated as second class citizens.

A prime example of these injustices was in 1936, when, Compass Direct reports, the Turkish government officially registered an incomplete list of minority properties. Hundreds of properties were confiscated from Christian and Jewish communities, some sold to third parties, others used for various offices…

The question is, can this important and positive step be replicated in other Islamic countries?  Can other Middle Eastern countries be brought around to return property to religious minorities?  Yes and no.  Turkey may be doing this to avoid fines by the European Union and to obtain full EU membership.

The U.S. and Europe have a lot of leverage at their disposal if they chooses to use it.  The Western business presence, foreign aid, and remittances by immigrants living in the West all present substantial windfalls for ruling Middle East elites.  All this money can be conditioned on those countries meeting certain terms if we’re willing to lay them out and follow through on our word.

Using the millennium challenge accounts can also help countries meet specific objectives in order to qualify for U.S. aid.

This doesn’t mean that we invite Saudi Arabia into NATO if King Abdullah lets some Christians build a church.  What it means is that we use existing international and financial ties and the threat of their removal to achieve specific outcomes in behalf of the Middle East’s suffering non-Muslim populations.

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Jizya and the Armenian Genocide

August 19, 2011

Remember the caliphate that Islamist thinkers (and even Western elites) would like to restore to the world?  Some would even still like to see it be a Turkish-based caliphate like the last one, which worked out so well for the Christians (see here for earlier coverage) in that neck of the woods–at least if you like massacres, rapes, and taxation.  From the American Thinker on Aug. 7:

The “Armenian Genocide”

Most historians regard 1912 to 1925 as a time of massive Christian annihilation and relocation by the Muslim Ottoman Empire. Although commonly given the misnomer “Armenian Genocide,” the atrocity was a carefully planned ethnic cleansing to rid Asia Minor of Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks and other minorities in order to establish an exclusively Muslim Turkish state. Some scholars date the first phase of the Christian genocide from the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid and his Hamidian Massacres of 1895-1897 through the Istanbul Pogrom of 1955.

The Hamidian massacres attempted to assert Muslim supremacy and advance the cause of Turkification. French ambassador Pierre Paul Cambon described Turkey at the time as “literally in flames” with “massacres everywhere” and Christians murdered “without distinction.” Marauding Kurdish chieftains in the region were encouraged to join in and channel their aggression into the killing, pillaging and raping of non-Muslim populations. Estimates of the number of Christians who perished during the reign of Sultan Hamid range from 100,000 to 300,000.

From the 1900’s to 1922, the Christian population declined from 25% to less than 5% within Anatolia. Under Islam, Christians had few rights, paid exorbitantly high taxes – the jizya – and enjoyed limited political representation and access to government services. Their testimony was inadmissible, no provision existed for their legal protection, they were prohibited from owning firearms, and their property, wives and children were vulnerable to spontaneous attacks.

Approximately 2.5 million Armenians, Assyrians and Greek Christians were massacred during this period. Kurds were encouraged to settle in Christian territory, demand the payment of tributes and illegally seize land. They were given free rein against local Christians in exchange for their loyal service to the Ottoman government.

Read the full article here.

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Your money and your sons

January 23, 2011

How Ottomans taxed Christian Bosnians

Lee Jay Walker offered up an alternative historical explanation of the conflict in the Balkans via the Pakistan Christian Post on Wednesday.  The Christians in Bosnia were long-suffering victims of the Muslim Ottoman tax system including the wicked devshirme and the jizya.

The hidden “Islamic jihad” and dimensions of Bosnia have been ignored prior to the conflict, during the civil war in the early 1990s, and afterwards. This misrepresentation of reality meant that thousands of Islamists from all over the world were aided by so-called democratic powers and the role of the mass media and many leading academics served the ambitions of Al-Qa’ida and other outside powers. Therefore, what is the reality of Bosnia and why is it claimed that all communities resided in peace and tranquility?

According to many naïve Western commentators Bosnia was a tranquil reality where Muslims and Christians lived happily together for many centuries. Not only this, the Western rhetoric claimed that in modern times it was the Muslim leadership in Bosnia which was open-minded, democratic, modernist, and which desired to maintain a multi-cultural and multi-religious society.

The truth could not have been further and Western commentators and academics are clearly glossing over reality because the Ottoman Empire was not based on enlightenment. On the contrary, the Islamization of Bosnia was paid by the blood of Christians and the slavery and forced conversions of young Christian boys who were forcibly converted to Islam via the barbaric devshirme system.

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Weekly word: dhimmi

July 14, 2010

A dhimmi is a non-Muslim living under the domain of Islam.  The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Political Science defines Dhimmi (People of the Pact) as “The term used for the non-Muslim religious groups (chiefly, Christians and Jews), and also known as the People of the Book, living in the Islamic State but who could take no active part in its civil and political life in terms of equality.”

Robert Spencer’s definition in The Myth of Islamic Tolerance is bolder:

Dhimmitude is the status that Islamic law, the Sharia, mandates for non-Muslims, primarily Jews and Christians. Dhimmis, “protected” or “guilty” people, are free to practice their religion in a Sharia regime, but are made subject to a number of humiliating regulations designed to enforce the Qur’an’s command that they “feel themselves subdued” (Sura 9:29). This denial of equality of rights and dignity remains part of the Sharia, and, as such, are part of the legal superstructure that global jihadists are laboring through violence to restore everywhere in the Islamic world, and wish ultimately to impose on the entire human race.

Dhimmis, in addition to having second-class civil status, are subject to discriminatory taxation by Islamic law including the jizya, the kharaj, and double-custom duties.

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Another discriminatory Islamic tax?

December 13, 2009

Random House defines a customs duty as a toll “imposed by law on imported or, less commonly, exported goods.”  Islam defines a customs duty as another way to jack dhimmis.

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