Jihadists seize opportunity in tobacco smugglingApril 2, 2012
This should serve as a warning to politicians who seek to balance government budgets on the backs of smokers, because exorbitant prices encourage a black markets.
However, it’s important to note that most of Al Qaeda’s funding comes from zakat and sadaqa, which are mandated under Islamic law, and not from ordinary criminal activity.
From the Daily Tribune on Mar. 28:
US report: Terrorists turn to cigar smuggling for funds
Cigarette smuggling has now become a major security concern for many countries because terrorist networks such as the Taliban and Al-Qaeda are turning to this illicit trade to increase finances for their criminal activities, according to a study by a global non-profit tax research foundation.
Citing findings by the US Department of Justice Bureau of Alcohol, Firearms and Tobacco, the International Tax and Investment Center (ITIC) reported that “organized criminal groups, including those with ties to terrorist organizations, are engaged in illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products, including counterfeit tobacco products.”
The ITIC, which serves as a clearing house on best practices for tax and investment policy information worldwide, also noted that the crackdown on the banking system after the Sept. 11 terror attacks on US soil, which has made money laundering difficult, have led terrorists and other criminals to the illegal trade of cigarettes to generate funds and move money across borders.
“Research demonstrates that illicit trade (on tobacco products) has become a major security challenge in different environments around the world and is increasingly used to fund terrorism,” the ITIC said in its 39-page report on cigarette smuggling.
The ITIC study disclosed that terrorist organizations and other organized crime groups are exploiting the illicit trade in tobacco products because the highly lucrative activity is relatively low-risk compared to other heavily penalized crimes like drug trafficking and human smuggling.
It also pointed out that cigarettes — being highly taxed, easy to transport and with a lucrative risk-to-reward ratio — are among the most illegally trafficked goods in the world, with “people involved in the smuggling of tobacco products also involved in the trafficking of drugs, people, alcohol, diamonds, timber and antiquities.”
The report titled The Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products and How to Tackle It was authored by tax and customs expert Elizabeth Allen, who has over 35 years of management, operational and policy experience in the United Kingdom’s revenue and Customs agencies.
The study found that an “unbalanced tax policy that calls for radical tax increases for tobacco products triggers cigarette smuggling” and advised governments to “balance their approach in the setting of excise tax rates with the aim of optimizing tax revenues in the long term and avoiding the development of an illicit market.”