Posts Tagged ‘ghanima’

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New York court rejects “right to pillage”

December 8, 2013

U.S. law and practice prohibits pillaging—a prohibition that was recently reaffirmed by the New York Court of Appeals.  In a case involving an artifact that surfaced in New York that was taken from a German museum in 1945 (probably by Soviet troops) the court held that, “we decline to adopt any doctrine that would establish good title based upon the looting and removal of cultural objects during wartime by a conquering military force.”  The insightful Rick St. Hilaire has all the details here.

Pillaging is also prohibited by the Geneva Conventions.

At stark contrast to these national and international norms, traditional Islamic jurisprudence expressly authorizes such plunder, with an entire chapter of the Qur’an entitled “The Spoils” (Sura 8).  Verse 42 of that chapter reads, “And know ye, that when ye have taken anything as spoil—that to Allah belongs a Fifth of it, and to the Messenger [Muhammad] and to the Relatives, Orphans, the Poor, and the Followers of the Way…”

Abu Yusuf, author of the Kitab Al-Kharaj, the classical tax treatise of Islam, further explains that this verse “refers to the movable properties captured by Muslims from the pagans, i.e. provisions, arms and animals.  A fifth of such booty is taken out for those named by God in His Book, and the remaining four fifths are divided among the soldiers who captured it.”

Why is this contrast relevant and worth understanding within the context of terrorist financing?  Prominent Islamists such as deceased terrorist Anwar al-Awlaki, the Britain-based rabble-rouser Anjem Choudary, and Sheikh Hoeweyni of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood have used the spoils provision of Islamic law to justify theft from non-Muslims in the course of waging jihad.

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Weenie sheikh endorses plunder, sex slavery

July 28, 2011
Sheikh Abu Ishaq al-Huwaini

Sheikh Abu Ishaq al-Hoeweyni

A cross-eyed sheikh says plundering infidel countries will restore Islamic economies plus provide perks like fresh sex slaves.  This tidbit comes from Gates of Vienna as the sheikh recently sought to “clarify” similar statements he made years ago.  The Koran indeed contains a sura entirely on how to divvy up the spoils of war once an infidel group is conquered.  The profiteer Muhammad supposedly would not personally accept zakat, but he always took a cut from the war booty.

Three weeks ago (June 11th), there was an item in the news (and video) about an Egyptian Sheikh Hoeweyni, who made the following statements:

We are in the era of jihad. The era of Jihad has come to us and jihad in the path of Allah is a pleasure. It’s a real pleasure. The companions (of the Prophet) used to compete to (perform jihad).

That we are in poverty — is it not due to our abandonment or jihad? But if we could conduct one, two, or three jihadist operations every year, many people would become Muslims Throughout the earth. And whoever rejected this da’wa, or stood in our way, we would fight against him and take him prisoner, and confiscate his wealth, his children, and his women — all of this means money. Every mujahid who returned from jihad, his pockets would be full. He would return with three or four slaves, three or four women, and three or four children. Each head, multiply by 300 dirhams, or 300 dinars, and you have a good amount of profit. If he were to go to the West and work on a commercial deal, he would not make that much money.

Whenever things became difficult (financially), he could take the head (i.e. the prisoner) and sell it, and ease his (financial) crisis.

Huwaini actually made these scandalous assertions some eighteen years ago. But because they were only recently exposed, and he was invited to “clarify” his position on Hikma TV last week. Amazingly, though he began by saying his words were “taken out of context”, he nonetheless reasserted, in even more blunt language, that Islam justifies plundering, enslaving, and raping the infidel. (Al Youm 7 has the entire interview, excerpts of which I translate below.)

According to Huwaini, after Muslims invade and conquer a non-Muslim nation — in the course of waging an offensive jihad — the properties and persons of those infidels who refuse to convert or pay jizya and live as subjugated dhimmis are to be seized as ghanima or “spoils of war.”

Huwaini cited the Koran as his authority — boasting that it has an entire chapter named “spoils” — and the sunna of Muhammad, specifically as recorded in the famous Sahih Muslim hadith wherein the prophet ordered the Muslim armies to offer non-Muslims three choices: conversion, subjugation, or death/enslavement.

Huwaini said that infidel captives, the “spoils of war,” are to be distributed among the Muslim combatants (i.e., jihadists) and taken to “the slave market, where slave-girls and concubines are sold.” He referred to these latter by their dehumanizing name in the Koran, ma malakat aymanukum — “what your right hands possess” — in this context, sex-slaves:

You go to the market and buy her, and she becomes like your legal mate — though without a contract, a guardian, or any of that stuff — and this is agreed upon by the ulema.

“In other words,” Huwaini concluded, “when I want a sex-slave, I go to the market and pick whichever female I desire and buy her.”

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Second verse, same as the first, a little bit quieter, a little bit worse

December 17, 2010

Here’s a music-free version of our Jesus-Muhammad tax video:

The earlier version was disabled by YouTube because it included music from Sony.  But like life under Islam, it’s no fun without music.

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Admin costs of 50%? Islamic NGOs say OK

December 21, 2009

This one slipped by us until now.  Last month, a workshop was held among the leaders of major Muslim charities (ie, zakat, sadaqa, and khums tax collectors) in—of course—London.

A Shia Muslim advocacy group called “The World Federation of Khoja Shia Ithna-Asheri Muslim Communities” provided the only account of the workshop I could find .

One off-hand remark in the summary is particularly eye-opening.  Two small group discussions were held during the workshop.  “In one of the groups, a poll of the 6 large and small NGOs was held. The results showed that 5 of 6 charged administration costs between 7-15%, or project based costs which can sometimes be up to 50%.”

Overhead costs are something that all charities, including the best-run Western charities, face.  Seven to fifteen percent is not completely unreasonable…  Charity Navigator, a rater of American charities, finds that the median American fundraising charity spends “only 6% on administrative expenses.”

It’s hard to tell what the context of the discussion would be that allows “project based costs” that can consume 50 percent all donations in overhead expenses, but it seems awfully high.  Perhaps, as Money Jihad has speculated before, the zakat collectors feel justified in keeping a higher cut than most non-Islamic charities because the Koran specifically authorizes the zakat payments to be given to “those who collect them” (9:60).

What was also noteworthy, at least in the account provided by the World Federation, is the Shia machinations to spread khums taxation throughout the Islamic world.  We’ll publish a post going into greater detail about the khums within the next couple days, but basically it is a 20 percent tax traditionally imposed among Shia Muslims on gains or profits (ghanima)—or on net income in contemporary Shia societies.

The relatively high tax rate on ghanima, much of which goes directly into the pockets of imams, is a point of pride among Shias for supporting imams’ independence from state support.  But for the West, the khums should be a point of concern.  Read the rest of this entry ?